Shaping the Circle

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Friedrich Ludwig Jahn portrait

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852) was the founder of the Turner movement in Germany. He believed in the importance of complete mental and physical fitness, which could be achieved if a person were educated in both book studies and in physical exercise (called "Turnen"). Many Turners also supported the revolutions of 1848, and when these revolutions failed to bring about social change, they moved to America and set up Turnvereins there. Though Jahn was also a person who hoped to see political and civil rights improve, he believed that these changes would come to Germany gradually, so he stayed in that country until his death.

Access Aids:

Leonard, Fred Eugene. Pioneers of Modern Physical Training, 2d ed. 1915. Call Number: GV211 .L4 1915 Location: IUPUI UNIV LIB Special Collections (non-circulating).
Friedrich Ludwig photo
Portrait of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn as pictured in: Leonard, Fred E. Pioneers of Modern Physical Training. 2nd ed. New York: Association Press, 1915. p. 34.

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Updated: 29 April 2004, RKB
Comments: speccoll@iupui.edu
URL: http://www.ulib.iupui.edu/special/digproj/circle/ludwig.html

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