Contributing data to open knowledge projects aligns with our library mission and values. IUPUI University Library has a strong tradition in support of open access initiatives. Our institution adopted DSpace, an open source software used for institutional repositories (IR), in 2004. This was followed by the implementation of Open Journal System (OJS), a PKP product for open access publishing. In addition, the IUPUI library faculty adopted an Open Access Policy in 2009 that requires library faculty members to deposit published articles in the library’s institutional repository in an effort to share scholarship produced by the faculty more openly. Five years later, the IUPUI Faculty Council adopted an Open Access Policy for the Campus. Further, the IUPUI Open Access Publishing Fund was created in 2013 to assist faculty members with the costs of submitting articles to peer-reviewed journals requiring a fee. In alignment with ongoing efforts to support open scholarship, the library has been involved with open knowledge projects that are part of the Wikimedia ecosystem since 2017. Recent efforts have focussed on contributing to Wikidata, the linked data knowledge base.
IUPUI University Library is committed to participating and contributing in projects that offer a free, community-driven solution to sharing information openly. As such, we aim to increase awareness of Wikidata—a structured linked data knowledge base—within our organization, train library staff, and build capacity. We also seek to promote the value of contributing to the knowledge base and to establish community partnerships.
We devised a project in which we created and shared data openly in Wikidata—a platform that has the potential to be more widely accessed through third-party tools, and that benefits from a community of over 18,000 active users around the world. By contributing data to Wikidata, we are enriching the knowledge base and providing a presence for less represented subjects and communities. These contributions also facilitated the use of Scholia, a web based tool that can generate scholarly profiles. As part of this work, we explored offering faculty scholarly profile data management as a library-supported service to IUPUI affiliated schools.
As a pilot project, we created entries in Wikidata for 19 core faculty members from the IU Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, located in the IUPUI campus. In an effort to generate a more robust scholarly profile for the faculty in Scholia, entries for their co-authors were also created. The profile page for the IU Lilly Family School of Philanthropy can be accessed at: https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/organization/Q33015428
At this site, one can find a list of all faculty affiliated with this school, a co-authored graph showing their collaboration, an advisor graph, a list containing publications and the names of the researchers, a chart showing page production per year, a table showing citations (citing works, and the works cited), a bubble chart with the most cited papers where the researcher was the first author for the publication, another chart with co-author-normalized citations per year, and the gender distribution of the faculty. All the data related to the faculty, as it is known to Wikidata, can be easily accessed and analyzed in Scholia. The article Creating Structured Linked Data to Generate Scholarly Profiles: A Pilot Project Using Wikidata and Scholia documents this project and informed our ongoing efforts.
Scholarly Profiles as Service
Based on our experience with the School of Philanthropy's pilot project, we developed and implemented the Scholarly Profiles as Service model. The purpose of this service is to provide a presence in Wikidata for all IUPUI-affiliated faculty and the scholarship they produce. The initial focus has been in creating entries in Wikidata for all core women faculty from the 16 campus-based schools. The focus on women faculty is an attempt to contribute toward balancing the prevalent gender inequality in the knowledge base.
We are making use of the Scholia interface to generate the profiles which include bibliographic data-driven visualizations. Links to the profile pages in Scholia at the Campus & School levels can be found in the Generating Scholarly Profiles section. An example of a profile for a faculty member can be found here. As shown in this example, faculty profiles display the following info:
- list of publications
- chart containing the number of publications per year
- chart showing the number of pages produced per year
- venue statistics shown in a bubble chart and a table form
- co-author graph
- bubble chart showing topic scores
- table with topics of authored works
- images associated with the faculty
- topics-works matrix
- academic tree
- locations associated with the faculty
- citation statistics (most cited works, citations by year, citing authors)
We are developing strategies to keep all IUPUI-affiliated faculty profiles up to date. This work includes securing faculty's CVs and ensuring all their works are represented in Wikidata. We are also working on projects to increase the representation of our archival collections and library-hosted publications (open access journals & dissertations) in Wikidata. Additionally, we continue to experiment with new and existing tools to facilitate contributions and test workflows to maximize efficiency.
Interested in participating in this work? Please contact us.