Anna Margaret Ross Alexander Papers, 1955-1994
0.4 c.f. (1 document box)
Anna Margaret Ross Alexander (1913-1995) was an Indianapolis civic leader, and member and president of the Indianapolis Board of School Commissioners from 1966-1970 during the period when desegregation, integration of the teaching staff, and busing was initiated.
Mrs. Alexander was an active member in diverse civic organizations, but the records collected mainly reflect her tenure on the School Board.
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Cite as: Anna Margaret Ross Alexander Papers, 1955-1994, Ruth Lilly Special Collections and Archives, University Library, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis.
Presented by Stephen R. Alexander, Indianapolis, Indiana, August 18,1995. A95-47.
Processed by Angenieta A. Biegel, November 1997.
Anna Margaret Ross Alexander (1913-1995) was born in Lafayette, Indiana but lived most of her adult life in Indianapolis. She graduated from Jefferson High School in Lafayette, obtained a Bachelor of Science degree from Purdue University in 1935, and an honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters from Purdue University in 1986.
In 1935, she married John A. Alexander, whom she met at Purdue University. Her husband became a corporate lawyer, with Krieg, DeVault, Alexander and Capehart located in Indianapolis. They had two sons, David Linn and Stephen Ross Alexander.
Mrs. Alexander became involved with the Indianapolis Public Schools (IPS) and was President of the PTA of School #80, and of the Broad Ripple High School PTA. She expressed her interest in federal aid to schools, only if it would be economically advantageous. She was concerned about the reading ability of school pupils, about the home influence, and lack of religious training of many school children. Eventually she was elected to the Indianapolis Board of School Commissioners and served from 1966-1970 and was its president in 1970. During her tenure, instructional TV and hot school lunches were instituted in all elementary schools in the IPS system, and the conflict with the U.S. Department of Justice over desegregation plans was the major issue. In this same period, she also served three years on the Marion County Tax Review Board, representing all of the school systems in Marion County.
Over the years she was a member and leader of numerous civic organizations including the following:Alpha Mu Latreian Service Organization
Christamore House Board
Community Centers of Indianapolis
Community Chest (later United Way)
Connor Prairie Farm
Delta Kappa Gamma Educational Honorary
Historic Landmark Foundation of Indiana
Indiana Federation of Clubs, GFWC, 7th District
Indiana State Symphony Society
Indianapolis Board of School Commissioners
Indianapolis Museum of Art
John Purdue Club
Kappa Alpha Theta Sorority
Kappa Alpha Theta Sorority Alumnae Association
Marion County Mental Health Board
Mary Rigg Neighborhood Center
Morris Butler House
Mother’s March of Dimes for Polio
Mental Health Gift Lift
Mental Health National Convention, Indianapolis
Parent-Teacher Association (PTA)
Purdue Alumni Association and Purdue President’s Council
Purdue Centennial Drive, Marion County
Purdue Women of Indianapolis
St. Paul’s Episcopal Church
Honors:1968 Theta Sigma Phi (now Women in Communications) TSP Award
1970 Theta Sigma Phi Woman of the Year Award
1984 Purdue Citizenship Award
1986 Doctor of Humane Letters from Purdue University
1990 Kappa Alpha Theta Twin Star Award
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE
The papers of Anna Margaret Ross Alexander contain newspaper clippings and speeches largely documenting her activities with the Indianapolis Public Schools.
The Newspaper Clippings, 1964-1994, consist of four scrapbooks and a folder of newspaper clippings documenting the many civic organizations and school board issues during her time as a board member. The scrapbooks and clippings are arranged chronologically. Issues highlighted in the clippings from local newspapers include:
IPS school board election
Defacto desegregation and protest by CORE (Congress on Racial Equality) re: plans to obtain racial balance at Shortridge and other city high schools
School board activities
Vocational and special education programs
Reassignment of teachers for integration purposes, especially at Shortridge, Attucks and Broad Ripple High Schools
Action on the Kerner Report ( National Advisory Commission on Civic Disorders)
First graduation at IVY Tech
Computers introduced to schools
Indianapolis School Board study of school boundaries and removal of temporary classrooms
Petition for the injunction against the school system by US Attorney General Ramsey Clark, (because of the finding of racial discrimination) was filed in Judge Dillon’s Federal Court on June 1, 1968.
Election of Alexander to the Presidency of the Indianapolis School Board over the Reverend Landrum Shields, the former Vice-President
Highlights of teachers contract negotiations, desegregation of Crispus Attucks High School
Introduction of the Middle School concept (6th, 7th and 8th grade) instead of Junior High School
Hot lunch program
Teachers wage dispute and further contract negotiations
Presidency of the school board Teacher transfers
Phase-out of the present building of Crispus Attucks High School and plans for construction at a new location
Academic programs at Shortridge High School
Sale of Tudor Hall school building on Cold Springs Road after the merger with Park School into Park-Tudor School at North College Avenue
Speeches, 1970-1971, consist of Mrs. Alexander’s speech at the end of her presidency of the School Board on June 24, 1970 and a speech delivered on April 26, 1971 about school integration. In this last speech she urged the Indianapolis Board of School Commissioners to turn down the school busing program for desegregation purposes, in answer to the Supreme Court decision in the Charlotte, North Carolina case.
|1964 includes Indianapolis School Board election; federal aid to education debate, and integration||1||1|
|Indianapolis School Board, 1966-1970||1||3|
|Honors, Awards, and Club Activities||1||4|
|1968 School and Faculty Integration||1||5|
|1969 School Integration||1||6|
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