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The U.S. Farm Security Administration took 678 photographs with captions in Indiana from 1935 to 1943. These photos cover the Ohio River flood (1937), resettlement communities of Decatur Homesteads and Wabash and Deshee Farms (1938), and U. S. Army Chaplain School at Fort Ben Harrison (1943). Most of the photos are primarily concerned with rural and traditional agricultural life. There are very few industrial shots and no photos of major industries. The only major city in Indiana photographed was Indianapolis, including photos around Monument Circle, the Greyhound Bus Station, and the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

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Last updated by durrant on 01/30/2013

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Last updated by durrant on 11/28/2012

Curriculum Activities

These curriculum activities have been developed for teachers to use in the classroom or as homework. Each activity has been designed to allow students to utilize a variety of research skills including: reading for understanding, researching historic evidence, interpreting primary and secondary sources and analyzing primary sources. Each of the activities can be adapted to different teaching styles, classroom and students’ needs and the local resources at hand. These activities are intended to enable students to improve their research skills.


Learning Objectives
Study Guide



Last updated by andjsmit on 12/06/2012

Feedback

If you have questions or comments about the Indiana Farm Security Administration Photographs digital collection, please contact:

Summer Durrant
Economics and Government Information Librarian
IUPUI University Library
755 W. Michigan St.
Indianapolis, IN 46202
(317) 274-8061
durrant@iupui.edu



Last updated by durrant on 01/30/2013

Rural America

Between 1931 and 1940, the nonfarm jobless rate never fell below 21%. In no year in the 1930s would the unemployment rate fall below 14% and the average for the decade as a whole was 17.1 %. A study commissioned by Harry Hopkins, who administered the Works Progress Administration, found that unemployment affected most heavily the young, elderly, least educated and rural Americans. Workers under the age of 20 or over 60 were twice as likely to be out of a job.



Last updated by mmwalter on 04/02/2013

Indiana Photos

There are 678 photos with captions taken in Indiana. There were nine FSA photographers in Indiana. There were photos taken in all years from 1935 to 1943, except for 1939 when no photographs were taken in Indiana. By far the most photos were taken during just three years: in 1937, covering the flood of the Ohio River and stories about tenant farmers; in 1938 covering three resettlement communities, Decatur Homesteads and Wabash and Deshee Farms; and in 1943 covering the U.S. Army Chaplain School at Fort Ben Harrison. Most of the photos taken by the FSA photographers are primarily concerned with rural and traditional agricultural life. There are very few industrial shots and no photos of major industries, such as the steel or automotive industries. Rexford Tugwell told Roy Stryker to “Show the city people what it is like to live on the farm.” And in the case of Indiana, they did just that. There are photos of various crops, including oats, soybeans, sorghum, wheat, cantaloupes and corn. There are photos of livestock, including chickens, cows, hogs, sheep and horses.



Last updated by andjsmit on 12/06/2012

About the FSA

In 1935, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 7027, which consolidated several farm programs into the Resettlement Administration. The Resettlement Administration was the brainchild of Rexford Tugwell, an economics professor at Columbia University, who became an advisor to Franklin D. Roosevelt during his campaign for the presidency in 1932. He was part of Roosevelt’s original Brains Trust. In 1933 he was appointed to the Department of Agriculture and served as Undersecretary. He helped to create the Agricultural Adjustment Administration and was its Director. Tugwell subsequently became the Resettlement Administration’s first head.



Last updated by andjsmit on 12/06/2012

Indiana Farm Security Administration Photographs

 



Last updated by lcalvert on 12/07/2012